A self-conscious emotion arising from achievements that can be attributed to one’s abilities or effort. Attributing positive events to internal, unstable, controllable causes (e.g. effort) promotes authentic pride, whereas attributing the same events to internal, stable, uncontrollable causes (e.g. ability) is more likely to promote hubristic pride.
Williams, L. A., & DeSteno, D. (2008). Pride and perseverance: the motivational role of pride. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 94(6), 1007-1017. doi: 0.1037/0022-35184.108.40.2067.
Tracy, J. L., & Robins, R. W. (2007). Emerging insights into the nature and function of pride. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 16(3), 147-150. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8721.2007.00493.x.