The act of constructing stories and personal narratives through writing that helps individuals understand their experiences and themselves. Expressive writing allows the individual to organize and remember events in a coherent fashion while integrating thoughts and feelings, resulting in a more manageable experience of one’s emotions. Constructing stories through writing facilitates a sense of resolution, which results in less rumination and allows disturbing experience to subside gradually from conscious thought.
Pennebaker, J. W., & Seagal, J. D. (1999). Forming a story: The health benefits of narrative. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 55(10), 1243-1254. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9280.1997.tb00403.x