A form of cognitive-behavioural treatment for posttraumatic stress disorders in which clients relive memories of a traumatic event (i.e. imaginal exposure), and confront situations that are avoided because they trigger distressing memories and thoughts (i.e. in vivo exposure).
Foa, E. B., Dancu, C. V., Hembree, E. A., Jaycox, L. H., Meadows, E. A., & Street, G. P. (1999). A comparison of exposure therapy, stress inoculation training, and their combination for reducing posttraumatic stress disorder in female assault victims. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 67(2), 194-200. doi: 10.1037/0022-006X.67.2.194